What are Shoulder Tendon Injuries?
A shoulder tendon injury is characterized by the inflammation of the tendons which connect the muscles to the shoulder bones. Shoulder tendons are made up of the rotator cuff tendons, biceps tendons, triceps tendons and pectoralis tendons.
Types of Shoulder Tendon Injuries
- Shoulder Tendonitis
- Rotator Cuff Pain
- Rotator Cuff Injury or Tear
- Proximal Biceps Tendonitis
- Bicep Tendon Rupture
- Distal Bicep Tendon Rupture
- Proximal Bicep Tendon Rupture
- Pectoralis Tendon Rupture
- Triceps Injuries
Causes of Shoulder Tendon Injuries
- Repetitive overhead movements
- Sports injury
- Heavy lifting activity
Symptoms of Shoulder Tendon Injuries
- Difficulty to move the arm
- Clicking sound while raising arms
- Reduced strength of shoulder muscles
Diagnosis of Shoulder Tendon Injuries
Your doctor will carry out a physical examination and often the following tests:
- X-ray:This study uses high electromagnetic energy beams that produce images of the bones.
- MRI Scan: This study produces images that help in detecting damage to soft tissues using large magnetic fields and radio waves.
- Ultrasonography:This study uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the internal parts of the shoulder.
Treatment for Shoulder Tendon Injuries
Treatment is mainly focused on reducing pain and increasing mobility. The treatment methods include:
- Medications: Your doctor will provide you with anti-inflammatory pain medications like aspirin or ibuprofen to reduce shoulder pain.
- Rest: You will be instructed to take proper rest to reduce the stress on your shoulder.
- Ice:You need to apply ice for 15-20 mins every day to reduce the pain and inflammation.
- Heat: A heating pad should be used to reduce stiffness once your pain subsides.
- Physical therapy: Your doctor will instruct you to carry out physical exercises to increase muscle strength.
- Dry needling:Your doctor will make small holes in the tendon using fine needles to improve healing by stimulating growth factors.
- Ultrasonic treatment:This is a minimally invasive procedure in which a small incision is made and a special instrument is inserted that uses ultrasonic sound waves to remove damaged tendon tissue and scars.
- Surgery:Surgery is done when the rotator cuff, biceps tendons, triceps tendons or pectoralis tendons are severely damaged or torn. During the surgery, the damaged tendon is repaired and reattached to the bone.